CAPE GIRARDEAU, Mo. - A federal jury found in favor of Bader Farms on all counts in a lawsuit against Bayer and BASF.
On Friday, the jury awarded $15 million of the requested $20.9 million in damages requested by Bader Farms.
On Saturday, the jury also awarded Bader Farms $250 million in punitive damages.
The verdicts come at the end of a three-week trial of a case filed by Missouri’s largest peach farm against German agribusiness giants BASF and Bayer, which bought Monsanto in 2018, over damage allegedly caused by their pesticide dicamba.
"We are disappointed with the jury’s verdict. While we have empathy for Mr. Bader, Monsanto’s products were not responsible for the losses sought in this lawsuit and we look forward to appealing the decision," Bayer said in a statement shortly after Saturday's verdict was issued.
Campbell-based Bader Farms alleges that BASF and Monsanto knew their dicamba-related products would cause damage to other farms and released them anyway to increase demand for their products.
Bader Farms’ harvest dropped from an average of 162,000 bushels in the early 2000s to as low as 12,000 bushels in 2018. The company, which says it will inevitably go out of business, sued for $20.9 million.
BASF and Bayer deny the allegations, blaming the crop damage on farmers making illegal applications, weather events, disease and other issues. They also deny that they engaged in a joint venture or conspiracy to release the products.
With an increasing number of weeds developing resistance to glyphosate, Monsanto developed genetically engineered soybean and cotton seeds that could withstand being sprayed by dicamba, a volatile weed killer traditionally used on corn and prior to the growing season. Both Monsanto and BASF also developed new versions of dicamba, touted to be less volatile than older versions.
Monsanto released the cotton seeds in 2015 and the soybean seeds in 2016, without the accompanying herbicides. Many farmers allegedly illegally sprayed dicamba in those years, harming Bader and other farmers.
The damage increased in 2017, when the companies released their new herbicides. At least 3.6 million acres were damaged, according to an estimate by Kevin Bradley, a professor at the University of Missouri. The complaints increased in both 2018 and 2019 in some states, including Illinois, the largest soybean producing state.
The charges considered by the jury are:
- Negligent design/failure to warn in 2015/2016. Bader Farms alleges that Monsanto released an incomplete system by not having dicamba available for its cotton and soybean seeds.
- Negligent design/failure to warn in 2017 and beyond. Bader Farms alleges that Monsanto and BASF knew their dicamba-based herbicides were likely to move off-target and damage other non-resistant crops.
- Civil conspiracy. Bader Farms alleges that Monsanto and BASF worked together and knowingly and intentionally damaged his crops and others.
- Joint venture. Bader Farms alleges that both Monsanto and BASF are responsible for the damage because they worked together to roll out the products.
The first three allegations must be proved as based upon the preponderance of the evidence, or more likely than unlikely, a different standard than beyond a reasonable doubt. The joint venture allegation must be met by “clear and convincing evidence.”
The jury can also assess punitive damages.
Billy Randles, an attorney for Bader Farms, told the jury they had easily met their burden of proof. Randles said he told the evidence in “their words, not ours.”
Over the past three weeks, lawyers for Bader Farms have presented more than 180 internal company documents to the jury. Those documents included projections that thousands of farmers would complain about the system, internal emails that showed Monsanto denied academics the ability to test their products and a presentation that showed BASF’s sales of dicamba spiked in 2016.
Documents also included sales projections and strategies from both BASF and Monsanto that said farmers would buy dicamba-resistant seeds in order to protect themselves.
“This is the first product in American history that literally destroys the competition. You buy it or else,” Randles said.
Jan Miller, an attorney for Monsanto, said that other factors - not dicamba - caused the problems at Bader Farms. Those include a soil fungus called armillaria root rot and other factors, largely Bader’s farming practices.
Miller said it is sad that Bader is going out of business, but it’s not Monsanto’s fault.
“You can’t have sympathy or emotion play a part in your decision,” Miller said.
Miller said that at different points over the past few years, Bader Farms has alleged that weather events and that other drift has caused the damage.
“The story about what’s been happening at Bader Farms has not been consistent,” he said.
John Mandler, an attorney for BASF, said that Bader Farms has no proof that Engenia or any other dicamba caused the damages. The only evidence is speculation by Ford Baldwin, the plaintiff’s retained expert and professor emeritus at the University of Arkansas. Baldwin said that dicamba volatilized and moved off-target in a cloud, causing damage to Bader’s farms and elsewhere.
“Dicamba didn’t cause what’s going on,” Mandler said.
BASF should not be responsible for damages to Bader Farms because Bader had other issues he could have taken care of with better spraying for bacteria and better management of weeds, he said.
“They may not be farm-wide, but they do impact yields,” Mandler said.
Randles said that Bader dealt with all of those other issues and until 2015, he was able to run a sustainable peach operation. Then something changed.
“Apparently it’s a miracle Bill Bader ever sold a pound of peaches,” Randles said.
Miller pointed out that samples taken by the Food and Drug Administration at Bader Farms came up negative for dicamba.
As far as the 2015 and 2016 illegal spraying allegations, Miller equated blaming Monsanto for farmers spraying illegally to blaming Chevrolet for drivers driving above the speed limit.
In those years, BASF also told its employees not to encourage illegal spraying or else they would be fired, Mandler said.
In 2017 and beyond, BASF’s label of Engenia, its dicamba-based herbicide, was an extensive warning, he said. The company also spent $5 million on nozzles to help control drift.
“It’s 34 pages of warning. You’ll be asked if we failed to warn. We did not,” Mandler said.
Randles told the jury that Bader, like thousands of other farmers, did not make the decision to release the dicamba-tolerant system and was the innocent victim exposed to an experiment by the companies. Filing this lawsuit was his only recourse, he said.
”You are the only people my client can come to for justice,” Randles said.
This story was updated on Saturday, February 15, 2020 , to reflect the amount the jury awarded in punitive damages.
This coverage is supported with a grant from the Fund for Investigative Journalism.