Workers in a Hog Slaughter and Processing Plant Use Hooks and Other Tools

Animal slaughtering and processing operations make up a large portion of the total jobs available in rural America, meaning these jobs are some of the best options for some Americans where steady, full-time work can be scarce.

Slaughterhouses employ a half-a-million workers in more than 7,000 facilities across the U.S., and 38 percent are classified by the Bureau of Labor Statistics as “butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.”

These are the people on the floor, taking live animals and turning them into the record amount of meat Americans are expected to consume in 2018. The USDA estimates more than 200 lbs. of red meat and poultry will be consumed per person this year.

While these jobs are available across the country, the largest employers operate facilities with thousands of employees in rural areas, what the BLS refers to as “nonmetropolitan areas.”

The following maps and graphics offer some insights into where these jobs are located and how much workers are paid in those parts of the country.

Map: The biggest meat processing facilities. Click on an red dot to learn about the processing facility.

Note: The BLS classifies “butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers” into three detailed occupations: (1) butchers and meat cutters, (2) Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, and (3) Slaughterers and Meat Packers. The below analysis aggregates data from these three occupations.

While big cities employ a large number of slaughterhouse workers, those jobs make up a relatively small share of the total employment opportunities.


Southeast coastal North Carolina nonmetropolitan area is a good example. The top five occupations are food preparation (including servers and fast food), cashiers, retail sales, nursing assistants and slaughterers and meat packers. When the other two BLS classifications for slaughterhouse workers are included, processing jobs in Southeast North Carolina are second only to fast food and waiting tables.

In the Northeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area, top employment makeup is much the same, with one major distinction. While both rural areas offer positions in retail and fast food, Alabama still has a significant manufacturing industry that provides nearly double the job opportunities as the meat processing industry, at nearly double the mean hourly wage.

Top occupations in Southwest Kansas and and Southeast Mississippi show similar trends. Rural Kansas offers truck driving and administrative assistant jobs as alternatives to meat processing industry, while general laborer and freight mover is rural Mississippi’s most viable alternative to meat processing.


Wages for meat processors are stronger in some parts of America. Areas where the mean hourly wage is more than $20 per hour are mostly in New England or the west coast, with the exception of a couple locations in Wisconsin North Dakota. None of the areas paying that wage employ more than 250 people.

In areas where meat processing makes up a larger portion of total employment, mean hourly wage does improve, but is still well below the national average of $24.34.

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